Full Moon Over the Sea

Moon set was 6.09 am, and I was meeting the 5.20 am ferry on Russell Island Jetty, and the moon was setting behind the moored ferries. Clouds made the moon not so visible and created reflections in the water

The Moon’s visibility was 99.7% so it was the ending of the last full moon for February and it was beautiful seeing it sinking into the sea as it was obliterated by clouds and the imminent sunrise. The Jetty was coming into being lit by the morning light as I watched the sunrise…

Summer Sunrise

From 5.15am the sunrise started to glow

Astromomical twilight begins… (full darkness ends)…04:19Nautical twilight begins (First light)04:47Civil twilight begins (Dawn)

05:15Sunrise05:39….Transit (sun is at its highest)12:00Sunset18:21 Civil twilight ends (Dusk)18:45Nautical twilight ends (Nightfall)19:13Astromomical twilight ends (full darkness starts)19:41 Moon phase Full Moon TimezoneAustralia/Brisbane

The term “dawn” is synonymous with the start of morning twilight. “Sunrise” occurs the moment the disc of the sun peeks above the eastern horizon due to the Earth’s rotation. “Sunset” is the opposite. It occurs the moment the disc of sun completely disappears below the western horizon.

Technically speaking, the golden hour happens when the sun is below 6* in the sky. In the morning the “hour” will begin before the sun breaks the horizon (when it’s about 4* below the horizon) and then ends when it goes above 6*. Just reverse that for the evening golden hour

February Full Moon

February Full Moon

February’s full moon is traditionally known as the Snow Moon in the northern hemisphere and typically symbolises the beginning of spring. The moon will reach its peak at 8.17am GMT on Saturday but will appear full in the sky on both Friday and Saturday night.  Some North American tribes named it the Hunger Moon due to the scarce food sources and hard hunting conditions during mid-winter, while others named it the Storm Moon.

In Australia we should call it the Summer Bat Moon because the sunsets and sunrises are particularly vivid this time of the year, and this year has seen the Bats migrating back to the Islands…and its the sunset time that they fly back in great numbers. The full moon was rising as the bats arrived

Mangrove Medicine

Mangroves Australia

Mangrove grows on mudflat

There are only about 50 species or so, and each one is a keystone to the intertidal ecosystem they call home (Wikipedia). Despite the enormous number of animals depending on mangroves for shelter, western culture has seen mangrove forests as wastelands.  “mangroves are medicinal plants… widely used… rich in resources of steroids, triterpenes, saponins, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids” (Namazi 2013).

Mangrove metabolism is thought to be more complicated than other trees in part because of the osmotic stress of brackish water requiring extra energy from the plant. Santini et al. were able to determine thatAvicennia marinaused fresh water and saline water for different metabolic processes. Growth is strongly correlated with rainfall, yet saline water was still traced through some xylem and phloem, showing that it is used by the plant without a full understanding of how or why.

The hydraulic mechanics ofAvicenna marina

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Medicinal Uses of Mangroves

Mangroves as Medicine

Mangroves Australia

Root systems of the Mangrove

Mangroves are widely used by mangrove dwellers for bush medicine e.g. A. illicifolius is used for skin disorders, boils and wounds[12]. Numerous medicines derived from mangroves (ashes or bark infusions) can be applied for skin disorders e.g. Lumnitzera racemosa and sores including leprosy.. .”it is worthwhile to screen plant species which have the above properties to synthesize new drugs]. There is a rich species composition and 4000 ha of mangroves are present in Sri Lanka[8] and extracts from different mangrove plants are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties………………………….https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2929774/#:~:text=Mangroves%20are%20widely%20used%20by,racemosa%20and%20sores%20including%20leprosy.

Mangroves are widely used by mangrove dwellers for bush medicine e.g. A. illicifolius is used for skin disorders, boils and wounds[12]. Numerous medicines derived from mangroves (ashes or bark infusions) can be applied for skin disorders e.g. Lumnitzera racemosa and sores including leprosy. They have…

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St Marys Anglican Church

St Marys Church Kangaroo Point…Special places in the world invite us to pause, draw breath and contemplate the deeper aspects of life. Such places may be natural formations, hidden nooks and crannies where few folk go, or man-made edifices which seek to express human aspirations.

I walk to the church and the evening service has just ended. I do not make the Christmas Eve midnight service but I do come to the Christmas Morning service.

St. Mary’s on the Cliffs at Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, is one of the most beautiful and historic churches in Australia. It overlooks the city and Botanic Gardens and is a magnificent venue for a romantic wedding.

In 1823, explorer John Oxley described Kangaroo Point as a “jungle, fringed with mangroves with the higher land open forest, covered with grass”. During convict settlement (1825-41), Kangaroo Point was cleared and used for cultivation of crops. Subsequently, the area was opened up for free settlement, the first land sales taking place on 13th December 1843. Among the early purchasers was the Police Magistrate, Captain J.C.Wickham. Surveyor James Warner built the first house at Kangaroo Point in 1844.


The 50th Dedication Festival of the Parish was celebrated on 4th November 1897, with the Rector stating that “we have completed the fiftieth year of our existence as a Parish”.

St Mary’s is the proud custodian of Queensland’s oldest organ. The instrument arrived in Brisbane on 10th July 1876 and was first played on 31 August that year. Built (or possibly rebuilt) in 1823, it is believed to contain some of the oldest pipes in Australia.

From ‘Statement of significance, history and conservation proposal for pipe organ at St Mary-the-Virgin Anglican Church, Kangaroo Point, Queensland’, March 2003 by Graeme Rushworth:

St Mary’s pipe organ is considerably older than the Church, being the oldest in Queensland and one of only several organs of c.1800 in Australia. It is also the only example in Australia of an organ built by H C Lincoln of London. The church and its organ are registered on the National Estate, the Queensland Heritage Register, and are classified ‘A’ by The National Trust of Queensland.

Southbank to Kangaroo Point

Opposite Southbank Station Southbank Memorial walk

South Bank Parklands. The park is located behind the goodwill bridge This beautiful park honours the fallen soldiers. Tucked away opposite Somerville House and overlooking South Bank is this tiny triangular park with a secluded grove of banyan trees and pink porphyry stairs leading down to wrought iron memorial gates and two cairns commemorating the two world wars.

Brisbane’s war memorial parks are dotted throughout the suburbs, paying tribute to those who lost their lives in the Great War.  For it is some of the city’s best loved gracious and stately parks with their shady avenues of figs, palms and pine trees that were built not as playgrounds but as memorials to alleviate the extraordinary outpouring of grief after 1.38% of the country, or 61966 young men, lost their lives.

I get quite confused at the corner and a walker leads me back to the crossroads. I decide to stop for Lunch at the Bel Swiss Cafe63 attached to the Bel Swiss hotel I had stayed at before. After lunch I walk back to the riverside and start walking to Kangaroo Point.

Walking is fun, I have done this many times dressed in running gear complete with a water bottle. Today it is very hot, and I am dragging along a suitcase and camera bag that get heavier with every step. I reach the cliffs that I get to know so well, and see the cliff sign and watch a girl climbing the cliffs. I am walking to Thornton Jetty from where I hope to get to Kangaroo Point.

Here the fun for me starts. I ask a walker how far it is to Thornton Jetty and he tells me its closed. I ask about how to get to the top and he says I have to climb up the steps to Joeys Restaurant, or I have to walk back to Southbank. He also says…“Looking at you, you could walk those steps quite easily…” We start walking back to the steps and he does take pity on me and offers to carry my bag to the top. I climb happily after him but a third of the way up, I realise this is not going to be easy. I puff and wheeze and groan and make my way up to the top stopping at each landing to catch my breath and hope my heart does not give out and tumble me down so I have to start again. Finally I actually get there and with a relieved grin, he leads me to my bag and climbs back down. I take a few photos and collapse on a seat to chat with another walker who uses his phone to show me where my hotel is located. It is almost straight across the road. I am there.

Low Tide Mangroves Russell Island

As soon as I look out and see that it is low tide, I know the mangroves are now exposed and I can go down to the waters edge and walk through the mangroves and down along the bottom of the Bay.

If its early morning, the area is full of midges and mosquitos and I take a photo or two and go back up to the sunshine. The evening before the sunset its always rich with flying mosquitos so I seldom go down to the mangroves. But there are the times when there are no midges or mossies, and then I wander the mangroves enjoying the quiet down there beside the water’s edge.

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